BOOK OF SHADOWS, Amelia Bauer in collaboration with Elizabeth Parks Kibbey.

 The 17th century saw the innovation and popularization of the floral still life painting in Europe and its colonies. By the end of the same century, the Salem witch trials were occurring in America. Witchcraft includes among its rituals the use of botanicals dried and kept in bottles or carried in pouches, bathed in or brewed as tea. Plants are used both symbolically and medicinally. The names of wildflowers, such as cattail and foxglove, and less familiarly, crow’s foot, donkey’s eyes, and snake’s tongue, lead to visions of cauldrons with real animal parts stewing inside. Women were put in positions of power within the religion of Witchcraft, and were killed in far greater numbers than men during the Salem witch trials.